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European Foreign Policy$
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Simon J. Nuttall

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293361.001.0001

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(p.194) 8 Ratification
European Foreign Policy

Simon J. Nuttall

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the issues relevant to the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty or the Treaty on the European Union (EU). The ratification was expected to be a formality but the situation changed after the Treaty was rejected by the Danish electorate in a June 1992 referendum and a wafer-thin majority in a referendum in France. These issues and the worsening situation in Yugoslavia brought into question the very principles of European integration. The low level of support given to the European unification and Maastricht is attributed to the fact that foreign policy and security questions did not enter the ratification debate to any appreciable extent, and the public was not convinced that the Treaty provided an adequate response to what the public wanted.

Keywords:   Maastricht Treaty, European Union, ratification, referendum, Yugoslavia, European integration, foreign and security policy

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