This chapter states that the fulfilment of such basic needs such as freedom from illness, malnutrition, and premature death may well be correlated with income, but that this relationship is unlikely to be close. It also states that the capability of people to live long and healthy lives is an important aspect of welfare, but that this is not measured by the income they receive. It is also stated in the chapter that many major health hazards in developing countries with rather high mortality rates now have inexpensive solutions. The chapter goes on to discuss the institutional divide of medical health care in China, as well as the health-care provision and access distribution between rural and urban China. It then discusses the health-care finances available and the health outcomes in the country.
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