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Against the Odds?Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies$
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Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292401

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.001.0001

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Meritocracy

Meritocracy

Chapter:
(p.133) 7 Meritocracy
Source:
Against the Odds?
Author(s):

Gordon Marshall

Adam Swift

Stephen Roberts

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.003.0007

This chapter examines three aspects of meritocracy with respect to inequality and social justice. It finds that the direct effect of origins on class destinations has declined over the past twenty years and that class inequalities in educational attainment have widened over the same period. The findings also reveal that the association between class destinations and educational achievement has remained more or less constant over time. The chapter acknowledges that there are conceptions of merit that are not adequately indicated by measures of education.

Keywords:   meritoracy, inequality, social justice, educational attainment, class destination

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