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Against the Odds?Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies$
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Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292401

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.001.0001

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Class Mobility

Class Mobility

Chapter:
(p.36) 4 Class Mobility
Source:
Against the Odds?
Author(s):

Gordon Marshall

Adam Swift

Stephen Roberts

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.003.0004

This chapter examines the social mobility patterns found in eleven contemporary industrialized societies including Great Britain using the Goldthorpe class schema. It finds that substantial absolute rates of upward and downward mobility coexist alongside relative class mobility chances which have remained largely unchanged for twenty years. Class boundaries appear to be neither more nor less permeable now than in the preceding decades and sectoral shifts towards non-manual work have created additional ‘room at the top’. However, this was not accompanied by greater equality in opportunities to reach the top from social origins embodying different degrees of class advantage.

Keywords:   social mobility, industrialized societies, Great Britain, Goldthorpe class schema, class mobility, equality, class advantage

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