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Indian DevelopmentSelected Regional Perspectives$
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Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292043

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292043.001.0001

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Mortality, Fertility and Gender Bias in India: A District-level Analysis *

Mortality, Fertility and Gender Bias in India: A District-level Analysis *

(p.357) 5 Mortality, Fertility and Gender Bias in India: A District-level Analysis*
Indian Development

Mamta Murthi

Anne-Catherine Guio

Jean Drèze

Oxford University Press

This chapter evaluates inter-district patterns of fertility, child mortality, and gender bias in India using data from the 1981 census. The findings highlight the powerful effects of variables relating to women's agency on mortality and fertility. Further, higher levels of female literacy and female labour-force participation are associated with significantly lower levels of female disadvantage in child survival. On the other hand, variables relating to the general level of development and modernization have relative weak effects on demographic outcomes.

Keywords:   fertility, child mortality, gender bias, India, women's agency, literacy, female labour-force participation, modernization

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