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Enterprise and CompetitivenessA Systems View of International Business$
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Mark Casson

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198289579

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289579.001.0001

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Joint Ventures

Joint Ventures

(p.153) 7 Joint Ventures
Enterprise and Competitiveness

Mark Casson

Oxford University Press

Joint ventures (JVs) serve as a means for staggered divestment or acquisition because they lessen the chances of loss by diverging firms and minimize risk by acquiring firms. JVs involve contractual arrangements that aim to minimize transaction costs. As JVs aid in the expansion of multinational enterprises, JVs have played an important role in business organization and in restructuring the international economy. This chapter looks into how a JV strategy can be explained in terms of internalization. The chapter illustrates several different cases in which various motives for internalization are exhibited in a variety of contexts. Also, the chapter introduces the notion of co-operation and examines how this may serve as a technique for entrepreneurs.

Keywords:   joint venture, divestment, acquisition, contractual, co-operation, internalization

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