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In Search of Civil SocietyMarket Reform and Social Change in Contemporary China$
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Gordon White, Jude A. Howell, and Shang Xiaoyuan

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198289562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289562.001.0001

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Market Reforms and the Emergent Constellation of Civil Society in China

Market Reforms and the Emergent Constellation of Civil Society in China

Chapter:
(p.15) 2 Market Reforms and the Emergent Constellation of Civil Society in China
Source:
In Search of Civil Society
Author(s):

Gordon White

Jude Howell

Shang Xiaoyuan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289562.003.0002

This chapter aims to provide an overall context for the detailed case studies of intermediate social organizations. It begins with a brief inquiry into the existence and character of ‘civil society’ organizations in pre-revolutionary China as a historical benchmark for viewing their emergence in the era of economic reform. Next, the chapter describes the structure of Chinese social organization during the Maoist era and identifies the socio-economic changes that have since taken place under the impact of economic reform, and which have created pressure for changes in associational behaviour and linkages between the party/state and society. It then draws a broad picture of Chinese civil society in the mid-1990s.

Keywords:   civil society, pre-revolutionary China, social organization, economic reform, Maoist era, socioeconomic changes, state, society

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