The first time that the author of this book visited Sheffield, the place could still be recognized for the title given to it — ‘Steel City’. By the later end of the 1970s, it was still possible to stroll the trunk roads between the giant steel mills that bordered the river while observing how the steel industry of the city remained to be in service. In spite of the fact that the steel boom in the 1950s actually initiated the decline in Sheffield's industries, there was still more to come as the decline of the tool steel industry, the shutting down of big factories, and the various labour disputes that were yet to happen. The industrialization that took place from the 19th- and early 20th century divided the city into separate areas which comprised the residential parts and the steel-producing part. The remnants of the tool and cutlery trades were drawn to the city centre. This chapter shows how Sheffield has undergone a number of significant changes especially in terms of its industries.
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