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India in TransitionFreeing the Economy$
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Jagdish Bhagwati

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198288473

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288473.001.0001

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The Model that Couldn’t

The Model that Couldn’t

(p.5) 1 The Model that Couldn’t
India in Transition

Jagdish Bhagwati

Oxford University Press

India's post-war period, which began with a strong economic performance and Western empathy and approbation of its developmental efforts and ideas, ended with an economy in serious difficulty and, worse, the perception that India had not merely chosen the wrong economic affairs but had also marginalized itself in world economic affairs in consequence. India's economy was widely perceived by mainstream American intellectuals and elite to be a democratic experiment in development and an alternative to China's totalitarian path. The choice of India as the counterfoil to China reflected some parallel, and other contrasting, factors. The removal of India's poverty was the central goal of its developmental effort. However, several events brought the United States closer to China and led India closer instead to the Soviet Union. India's model of development never worked, due to poverty, slow rates of growth of income and per capita income, and politics.

Keywords:   India, economy, United States, China, totalitarian, poverty, politics, Soviet Union

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