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Managing ProductionEngineering Change and Stability$
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Graham M. Winch

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198288411

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288411.001.0001

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Analysing Organizational Stability and Change

Analysing Organizational Stability and Change

(p.28) 3 Analysing Organizational Stability and Change
Managing Production

Graham M. Winch

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the existing approaches to technological and organizational change. The diffusion approach, impact approach, and social shaping approach are reviewed and criticized for their various inadequacies. An implementation approach is then proposed that emphasizes the totality of technological change as a process. A review of the more general literature on organizational change takes the view that the linearity of much of the literature is a weakness and argues for a contextualist, processual approach. It is then suggested that technological change is merely a special case of organizational change, and not a qualitatively different organizational phenomenon, despite the almost complete separation of the two literatures. Finally, the chapter reviews existing approaches to organization theory and finds them either too general, or too detailed. A tectonic approach to the analysis of organizations is then proposed, which is deployed in the following discussions.

Keywords:   technological change, organizational change, diffusion approach, impact approach, social shaping approach, implementation approach, organization theory, tectonic approach

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