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Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy$
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Christoph Bluth

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280040.001.0001

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The Nuclear Planning Group: British–German Co-operation

The Nuclear Planning Group: British–German Co-operation

(p.179) 6 The Nuclear Planning Group: British–German Co-operation
Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy


Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the discussion of the Nuclear Planning Group (NPG). This group was founded after the fall of the ‘hardware solution’ represented by the Multilateral Force (MLF) and the purpose of this group is to enable participation of the European Allies to share in strategic planning. NPG provided an important framework for British–German co-operation within NATO. Aside from NPG, ‘Eurogroup’ was established to create the foundation for a European defence structure. Despite the efforts of Eurogroup, it was not able to reach its goal as the centre for the organization of European defence co-operation due to the non-participation of France. The co-operation between Britain and Germany in 1960s was close on defence matters in the NPG and the Eurogroup.

Keywords:   Nuclear Planning Group, hardware solution, Multilateral Force, European Allies, British–German co-operation, NATO, European defence

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