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Verbal Syntax in the Greek PentateuchNatural Greek Usage and Hebrew Interference$
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T. V. Evans

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198270102

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270102.001.0001

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Comparative Analysis of the Greek and Hebrew Verbal Systems

Comparative Analysis of the Greek and Hebrew Verbal Systems

(p.52) 3 Comparative Analysis of the Greek and Hebrew Verbal Systems
Verbal Syntax in the Greek Pentateuch

T. V. Evans

Oxford University Press

Because Greek and Hebrew belong to separate language families (IE and Semitic respectively), their grammatical structures are naturally dissimilar in many respects. This chapter provides a mainly descriptive analysis of the verbal systems of the two languages, according to their manifestations in the Greek and MT Pentateuchs. The structural differences caused the LXX translators, despite their essentially literal techniques, to make choices regarding verbal usage which had less to do with the demands of the underlying Hebrew text than with natural Greek nuances of meaning. A range of options were available in Koine Greek for the translation of most Biblical Hebrew verbal forms. It can be seen that the grammatical categories of aspect, tense, and mood represent a significant sphere of difference between the languages and thus of largely independent Greek usage.

Keywords:   Greek verbal system, LXX translators, Hebrew language, Koine Greek, Greek usage

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