This chapter addresses the questions: In what sense do individual prime matter and individual substantial from constitute an individual material substance? In what sense do prime matter as such and substantial form as such constitute composite essence? Scotus's account of the union of matter and from to constitute material substance is strongly anti-reductionistic. The chapter argues that Scotus's account of the unity of matter and substantial form is in fact non-explanatory. His account points out that an item exhibits unity if it has some properties which are different in kind from any of the properties of its parts.
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