So far, the book has been able to discuss the consequentialist and experience-centred nature of process ethical thinking, specifically how some approaches of environmental ethics may have adopted process thinking. Our investigation has revealed several difficulties that may either be exclusive to process thinking or shared by different approaches. In this chapter, we identify and discuss four fundamental problem areas: 1) the question of replaceability and integrity in process approaches; 2) resolving the conflict between the value of process thinking that arises from the intensity of experience and that arising from contrasts between the various kinds of experience; 3) the comparative value of non-human and human life in terms of experience and the richness of divine life; and 4) the humanizing nature attributed to the process interpretation of the universe.
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