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Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking$
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Clare Palmer

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269526

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269526.001.0001

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Process Thinking and Individualist Deontological Environmental Ethics

Process Thinking and Individualist Deontological Environmental Ethics

(p.58) 3 Process Thinking and Individualist Deontological Environmental Ethics
Environmental Ethics and Process Thinking

Clare Palmer

Oxford University Press

Individualist deontological approaches to environmental ethics refer to that are used by ethicists that reject consequentialism and are called ‘individualist’ since ethical focus is given more to individuals as compared to systems or collectives. However, as all these are opposed to consequentialism, it is important to note that some of these approaches are not necessarily against systemic or collectivist approaches as Regan and Goodpaster allow the possibility for systemic value. While L. Johnson affirms this notion, his work as also included here since in his works, ecological species and species are considered as individuals of some kind. We begin by looking into Schweitzer's work in which individual organisms are treated with equal value, then proceed to more recent developments in value hierarchy then comparing these with process thinking.

Keywords:   individualist deontological approaches, systemic value, L. Johnson, value hierarchy, individual organisms, process thinking

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