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European and International Media LawLiberal Democracy, Trade, and the New Media$
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Perry Keller

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198268550

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268550.001.0001

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Democracy, Pluralism, and the Media

Democracy, Pluralism, and the Media

(p.405) 14 Democracy, Pluralism, and the Media
European and International Media Law

Perry Keller

Oxford University Press

Chapter Fourteen addresses a range of interventions into media markets to protect or foster pluralism, which frequently involve fierce debates over the effectiveness of market forces to achieve this public policy goal. As the Chapter discusses, this non-market objective frequently clashes with the market based principles of European Union law, although EU competition law itself has a foundational role in assuring media pluralism. Given the importance of pluralism to European democracy, EU law conditionally permits ownership restrictions, state aid to public service media and intervention in intellectual property rights to protect public access to major events as well as the imposition of must carry and universal service obligations. The Chapter also examines European human rights law's fundamental commitment to media pluralism as well as its uncertainties over the proper limits to state intervention in political expression. Chapter Fourteen then addresses the limited endorsement of media pluralism in international law.

Keywords:   Democracy, pluralism, competition, state aid, listed events, short reporting, must carry, universal service, political advertising, public service media

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