- Title Pages
- 1 How to Give the Present a Past? Family Law in the United States 1950–2000
- 2 Changing Family Patterns in England and Wales over the Last Fifty Years
- 3 A Century of the American Family
- 4 Family Policy in the Post-War Period
- 5 The Evolution of Family Policy in the United States after World War II
- 6 English Family Law since World War II: From Status to Chaos
- 7 The Shadowlands: The Regulation of Human Reproduction in the United States
- 8 The Legal Regulation of Infertility Treatment in Britain
- 9 Parenthood in the United States
- 10 Marriage, Cohabitation, and Parenthood—from Contract to Status?
- 11 Marriage: An Institution in Transition and Redefinition
- 12 The Constitutionalization of American Family Law: The Case of the Right to Marry
- 13 Dual Systems of Adoption in the United States
- 14 English Adoption Law: Past, Present, and Future
- 15 Divorce in the United States
- 16 Divorce in England 1950–2000: A Moral Tale?
- 17 The Financial Incidents of Family Dissolution
- 18 Post-divorce Financial Obligations
- 19 The Status of Children: A Story of Emerging Rights
- 20 Disputing Children
- 21 The Law and Violence Against Women in the Family at Century’s End: The US Experience
- 22 Violence Against Women in the Family
- 23 A Forum for Every Fuss: The Growth of Court Services and ADR Treatments for Family Law Cases in the United States
- 24 Access to Justice in Family Matters in Post-War Britain
- 25 Child Welfare Policy and Practice in the United States 1950–2000
- 26 From Curtis to Waterhouse: State Care and Child Protection in the UK 1945–2000
- 27 The Hague Children’s Conventions: The Internationalization of Child Law
- 28 Individual Rights and Family Relationships
- 29 The End of an Era?
Parenthood in the United States
Parenthood in the United States
- (p.187) 9 Parenthood in the United States
- Cross Currents
Ruth-Arlene W. Howe
- Oxford University Press
During the turbulent years preceding World War II, the American family was ‘vital to the nation’s survival, both as a symbol of democracy and as a counterpoint to the autocratic families of the Third Reich’. After the United States entered the war, social scientists agreed ‘that the traditional family, with its homebound mother and wage-earning father, would best maintain the domestic stability needed to win the war’. This chapter examines changing conceptions and presumptions regarding parenthood in the United States during the last half of the twentieth century in response to changing lifestyles, social attitudes, and new reproductive technologies. It also considers whether these developments mandate redefining legal parenthood. Parental legal rights and obligations are also discussed, along with demographic trends such as fertility and birth rates, whether parenting is a private or a public responsibility, and the legal rights of foster parents and grandparents.
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