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Cross CurrentsFamily Law and Policy in the US and England$
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Sanford N. Katz, John Eekelaar, and Mavis MacLean

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198268208

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.001.0001

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The Legal Regulation of Infertility Treatment in Britain

The Legal Regulation of Infertility Treatment in Britain

(p.165) 8 The Legal Regulation of Infertility Treatment in Britain
Cross Currents

Ruth Deech

Oxford University Press

The history of the regulation of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) in Britain reveals movement from control of embryo research to the regulation of infertility treatment in IVF centres and the monitoring of new assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Regulation was rooted in the need to allay widespread fears expressed by politicians, the media, the public, and the professions about embryo research, its morality, and its direction. The Act created was the first piece of legislation in Britain to regulate research and IVF clinics. Its origins can be found in the Warnock Report, commissioned by the government in response to public concern about IVF. Under the legislation, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) was established ′to monitor and to regulate research and the provision of infertility services involving IVF and artificial insemination. One foreseeable development will be the elimination of disease and the addition of desirable characteristics to babies by use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis, cloning, and genetic manipulation.

Keywords:   Britain, in vitro fertilisation, embryo research, media, politicians, regulation, Warnock Report, infertility, artificial insemination, assisted reproductive techniques

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