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Sufism and Islamic Reform in EgyptThe Battle for Islamic Tradition$
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Julian Johansen

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198267577

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267577.001.0001

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The ʽAshāra and the Ṭariqa, in Public and Private

The ʽAshāra and the Ṭariqa, in Public and Private

Chapter:
(p.58) 3 The ʽAshāra and the Ṭariqa, in Public and Private
Source:
Sufism and Islamic Reform in Egypt
Author(s):

Julian Johansen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267577.003.0004

This chapter explores the contrast between the 'Ashīra as the publicly visible ‘face’ of the Order and the Ṭarīqa itself. This is to demonstrate the ways in which the Order is presented to the public, and to clarify the relationship between the initiatic and associational elements of its membership. The appeal of the Ṭarīqa is broadened, defined only as an Order of the Shādhilī way. This alteration of emphasis is taken a step further by the formation of the 'Ashīra Muṭammadiyya. By stressing the way of the Prophet over that of the Sūfī Sheikhs of subsequent generations, the organization's links of identity have been extended as far as human transmission allows. The conference for the implementation of Sharī'a and the local projects and social services are specifically discussed.

Keywords:   'Ashīra Muṭammadiyya, Ṭarīqa, Order, Prophet, Sūfī Sheikhs, Sharī'a

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