This chapter discusses the early Christian cosmologies. It begins by describing the ancient theological and philosophical perspectives. The traditional opposition between biblical voluntarism and philosophical rationality contrasts not only different cultural world-views, but also the distinct approaches to reality found in religious and philosophical reflection. The philosophical effects on Justin's theology have been studied extensively. As a philosopher and a Christian, Justin's account of divine immanence and power rests on the activity of the Son as Logos. The originality and integrity of Christian responses to religious issues of transcendence and fatalism in the 2nd century lay in a reworking of both scriptural and philosophical categories. The Christian world-view was distinguished by the shape and confidence in divine power accessible through the incarnate Logos, Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
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