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Hell and the VictoriansA Study of the Nineteenth-Century Theological Controversies concerning Eternal Punishment and the Future Life$
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Geoffrey Rowell

Print publication date: 1974

Print ISBN-13: 9780198266389

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266389.001.0001

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The Historical Development of Christian Eschatology

The Historical Development of Christian Eschatology

(p.18) II The Historical Development of Christian Eschatology
Hell and the Victorians

Geoffrey Rowell

Oxford University Press

The pattern of the nineteenth-century debates about eschatology was not determined by critical attacks on the doctrines of everlasting punishment and the immortality of the soul alone; it also reflected the particular tensions inherent in the accepted eschatology of Western Christendom. Any account of the development of eschatology in the nineteenth century must be prefaced by a brief survey of the history of Christian eschatology in order that these tensions may be fully understood. For Christianity, the tension between the two eschatologies was perhaps more acute than in Judaism, for the figure of Christ was central to Christian eschatology. The Resurrection of Christ meant that the resurrection of the body became a cardinal affirmation of the Christian faith, and thus an eschatology of the immortality of the soul could never entirely dispense with the resurrection at the Last Day.

Keywords:   Christian eschatology, punishment, eschatology, Judaism, resurrection, Christianity, immortality

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