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Christianity in IndiaFrom Beginnings to the Present$
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Robert Eric Frykenberg

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780198263777

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263777.001.0001

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PFARANGI CATHOLIC CHRISTIANS AND PADROADO CHRISTENDOM

PFARANGI CATHOLIC CHRISTIANS AND PADROADO CHRISTENDOM

Chapter:
(p.116) 5 PFARANGI CATHOLIC CHRISTIANS AND PADROADO CHRISTENDOM
Source:
Christianity in India
Author(s):

Robert Eric Frykenberg (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263777.003.0005

This chapter examines Catholic Christianity in India. A high degree of indigenizing acculturation characterized Catholic Christianity in India. This was especially so outside of Goa and enclaves under Pfarangi rule. After the Portuguese arrival in 1498 and the establishment of their Estado da India, Catholic orders under the Padroado of Goa enjoyed considerable autonomy. However, despite expanding clerical domains and newly won converts — sometimes at the expense of ancient Christian communities, including whole communities along southern shorelines and a high-profile learned tradition — Catholics failed to make any significant inroads within Mughal India. Yet, in the centuries which followed the earliest and strongest expressions of indigenous Christianity anywhere in the continent in both ideological and institutional forms, continued to survive in those communities that still claimed and accepted the apostolic tradition of St Thomas as the historic basis for their origin and as the doctrinal basis for their ecclesiastical authority.

Keywords:   Catholic Christianity, India, missionaries, Pfarangi, Padroado, Jesuits, Pfarangi rule, Mughal

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