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England, Ireland, Scotland, WalesThe Christian Church 1900-2000$
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Keith Robbins

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780198263715

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.001.0001

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Just War, 1914–1918

Just War, 1914–1918

(p.96) 3 Just War, 1914–1918
England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales

Keith Robbins

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the First World War, considering reactions to the outbreak and British intervention. Civil war in Ireland (and perhaps in the UK as a whole) appeared imminent and bitterly divided church communities. Events in 1916, the Easter Rising, and after confirmed these divisions. In the Great War the churches stood with the state. The chapter notes their justification for doing so, but also mentions the small pacifist minority. The opportunities (and perils) for Roman Catholics receive particular attention. Thoughts for a future peaceful world order are considered as well as the attempted reconciling role of the papacy. The place of churches, both on the Home Front and with the army on the battlefield (chaplains), is given some treatment; there was perhaps some new ‘space’ for women. Finally, patriotism, peace, and progress are evaluated.

Keywords:   army, chaplains, Easter Rising, First World War, Home Front, pacifism, papacy, patriotism

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