This chapter discusses the secular, cultural, and historical factors that led Neale to investigate the Eastern Church. These factors are grouped under the heading ‘orientalism’. He faced debilitating deficiencies. The fact that he used the word ‘oriental’ placed him firmly within a recognized 19th-century tradition of scholarly and imaginative writing about the East. Acknowledging his limitations, Neale proceeded to decode the mysteries of the Orient for his readers. His particular brand of orientalism was his way of developing an imaginative link with Eastern Christendom, while remaining rooted to the West at the same time. He overcame some of the problems involved in writing about the East by studying the languages in which the source materials were written, creatd by careful research. He dealt with other factors by adding intuitive motivations to the theoretical ones already considered.
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