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F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism$
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David Young

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198263395

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.001.0001

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Origin and Development

Origin and Development

(p.10) (p.11) 1 Origin and Development
F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

David Young

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the origin and development of Unitarianism during the eighteenth century. Unitarianism was created in the latter part of the eighteenth century by the coming together of those English Presbyterian congregations which had not been seriously influenced by Evangelicalism and disaffected Anglicans who looked in vain for relief from subscription. In this chapter, the impact of the rationalization of John Locke, Isaac Newton, and the Latitudinarians on the formation and establishment of Unitarianism is analyzed along with the influences of the dissenting academies. The eighteenth century paved the way for human reasoning wherein the Christian revelation was compounded by religious insights based on rationalism. However, behind this lay the teachings of the seventeenth-century Latitudinarians and the seminal thinkers known as the Cambridge Platonists.

Keywords:   Unitarianism, English Presbyterians, John Locke, Isaac Newton, Latitudinarians, academies, rationalism, Cambridge Platonists

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