Voluntary obligations are those which arise from contracts and promises; obediental obligations include those whose incidence is determined by the law of delict. It might be thought that speculation as to the nature of voluntary obligation is essentially a misconceived activity, especially when it is supposed to yield solutions to practical legal problems. To common lawyers, there must appear to be a certain futility in the efforts of French doctrinal writers to settle the question of when a contract made by postal correspondence is to be deemed complete — whether on declaration of acceptance, posting of it, delivery to the offeror's address, or actual scrutiny of it by him. Such problems are not to be solved by theorizing as to the true nature of accord de volonte, but by laying down more or less arbitrary rules.
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