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Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle$
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A. W. Price

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198248996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248996.001.0001

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The City

The City

Chapter:
(p.179) 7 The City
Source:
Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle
Author(s):

A. W. Price

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248996.003.0007

This chapter considers how Plato intends communism to transform the guardians, and how he expects that effect to carry through the artisans so that the whole city becomes a community of friends. Plato justifies that in abolishing (among the guardians) the private household and family, he expects to abolish also the private joys and sorrows. His goal is the collectivisation not only of externals but also of emotions. The ideal is a community in respect of pleasure and pain, in which all citizens grieve and rejoice at the same things. Everyone is to identify with everyone else's success and failure and thus the notion ‘mine’ is more dramatic than that of ‘brother’ and the like as it is more communal.

Keywords:   Plato, communism, city, friendship, community, private household, collectivisation, emotions

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