Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Aristotle's Ethical Theory$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

W.F.R. Hardie

Print publication date: 1980

Print ISBN-13: 9780198246329

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 May 2020

The Distinction between the Voluntary and the Involuntary

The Distinction between the Voluntary and the Involuntary

(p.152) VIII The Distinction between the Voluntary and the Involuntary
Aristotle's Ethical Theory

W.F.R. Hardie

Oxford University Press

At the beginning of Book III, Aristotle gives reasons for discussing the distinction between the ‘voluntary’ (hekousion) and the ‘involuntary’. To say that some action was done, some effect produced, ‘voluntarily’ normally implies that there was an ‘intention’ to produce it. At Chapter 2 of the EN, the difference of meaning between ‘voluntary’ and hekousion can be seen. When one says of someone that he did something ‘involuntarily’, one conveys that some result that he produced was not intended. When one says that he did what he did ‘unwillingly’, one conveys that the result was intended but not desired.

Keywords:   Aristotle, voluntary action, reflex, Nicomachean Ethics, intention, compulsion

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .