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The Logic of LeviathanThe Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes$
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David P. Gauthier

Print publication date: 1979

Print ISBN-13: 9780198246169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246169.001.0001

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The Nature of Man

The Nature of Man

(p.1) I The Nature of Man
The Logic of Leviathan

David P. Gauthier

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the logic in Thomas Hobbes's book, Leviathan. To understand morals and politics is to understand man. The chapter argues that the body politic that gives substance to moral conceptions is the product of human reason reflecting on human passion. It also asserts that Hobbes's psychology is essential to his moral and political theories. This view has been challenged by many recent interpreters and critics. The chapter begins with a statement of that argument and then examines Hobbes's conception of his own method. It shows why Hobbes considers psychology to be the necessary foundation of moral and political science, and leads into his account of the nature of man. The chapter also states that the Introduction to Leviathan compares the making of Commonwealth by the art of man with the making of man by the art of nature.

Keywords:   Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, morals, politics, man, reason, passion, psychology, Commonwealth, nature

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