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Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism$
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D.C. Stove

Print publication date: 1973

Print ISBN-13: 9780198245018

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.001.0001

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Our Historical Debts to Hume's Argument for Scepticism

Our Historical Debts to Hume's Argument for Scepticism

Chapter:
(p.98) 8 Our Historical Debts to Hume's Argument for Scepticism
Source:
Probability and Hume's Inductive Scepticism
Author(s):

D. C. STOVE

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245018.003.0009

This chapter describes the historical debts to Hume's argument for scepticism. It shows the great importance of what has historically been learnt from Hume's argument. The 20th-century inductive fallibilism is first introduced. It then considers the 20th-century theory of logical probability. Inductive fallibilism is so far from being a truth which everyone knows, that it is a truth which, at the ‘organic’ level, no one knows. Deductivism is not an idiosyncratic high re-definition of ‘reasonable inference’. It is a logico-philosophical thesis; and one of long, wide, and deep currency, at least among philosophers; which is still the unstated assumption behind much assessment of the conclusiveness of inferences, both by philosophers and by others; and which to this day has been expressly denied by almost no philosopher.

Keywords:   Hume's argument, scepticism, inductive fallibilism, deductivism, historical debts, inferences

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