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Aristotle's Two Systems$
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Daniel W. Graham

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198243151

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.001.0001

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The Incommensurability of the Systems

The Incommensurability of the Systems

(p.84) 4 The Incommensurability of the Systems
Aristotle's Two Systems

Daniel W. Graham

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents the hypotheses concerning the relation between S1 and S2, namely, the Organon Hypothesis (OH), Extension Hypothesis (EH), and Incompatibility Hypothesis (IH), and an evaluation of these hypotheses. The simplest and most straightforward case of incommensurability between S1 and S2 is manifested by terms whose similarity of pronunciation or inscription belies semantic differences. A systematic shift in the meaning of terms between S1 and S2 is perhaps the most obvious manifestation of incommensurability. Thomas Kuhn also finds incommensurability in what they regard as problems to be solved and in general outlook. The difference between S1 and S2 is traced to their metaphysical principles. This chapter also presents the genetic relations of S1 and S2 and its developmental explanation.

Keywords:   hypotheses, incommensurability, terms, semantic differences, Kuhn, metaphysical principles, genetic relations, developmental explanation

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