Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Development of Ethics: Volume 1From Socrates to the Reformation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Terence Irwin

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198242673

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 February 2020

Aquinas: Sin and Grace

Aquinas: Sin and Grace

Chapter:
(p.628) 24 Aquinas: Sin and Grace
Source:
The Development of Ethics: Volume 1
Author(s):

TERENCE IRWIN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0024

Thomas Aquinas' views on the roles of original sin, grace, and human merit are complex. On the one hand, he seems to affirm the possibility of being virtuous by one's own efforts; and so, if God approves human virtues (which he should, because of his relation to the natural law), the acquired virtues seem to be a source of merit. On the other hand, Aristotle's conditions for voluntariness leave Aquinas with more scope than another theory would allow him for attributing a large causal role to external influences — either original sin or divine grace — while insisting that an action or state of character is up to the person and that one is responsible for it. He has a possible basis for reconciling responsibility for one's actions with Christian doctrines about grace and merit.

Keywords:   Thomas Aquinas, original sin, grace, human merit, God, virtues, Aristotle

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .