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MetaphorIts Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure$
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Eva Feder Kittay

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198242468

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.001.0001

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Alternative Approaches: A Critique

Alternative Approaches: A Critique

Chapter:
(p.178) 5 Alternative Approaches: A Critique
Source:
Metaphor
Author(s):

EVA FEDER KITTAY

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242468.003.0006

This chapter critically examines some alternative approaches which involve theories of interpretation as well as the inadequacies of the theories of metaphor which are based on the major non-relational theories of word meaning. There are intentional and interactional approaches although it appears that one cannot consistently hold the interactionist position and maintain that interpretation is a process of predicate transfers, literally applied. The formulaic approach, on the other hand, puts more emphasis on the process of making comparisons. A lot of writers, however, have taken the position that the question of metaphorical interpretation presents characteristically linguistic problems whose resolution requires the application of specifically linguistic devices. These are just among many theories and indeed a theory of word meaning is none the less important for the full account of metaphor.

Keywords:   interpretation, metaphor, word meaning, intention, interaction, predicate transfers, feature addition, feature deletion, atomistic theories

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