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Equal Justice$
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Eric Rakowski

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198240792

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.001.0001

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Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts

Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts

(p.167) 8 Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts
Equal Justice

Eric Rakowski

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the real and hypothetical responses to questions related to a handicapped or diseased persons' entitlement of parts of others' bodies in order to remove their disabilities or save their lives when the donor would not be similarly injured or endangered. The chapter endorses nonvoluntary post mortem transplants and the mandatory transfer of organs from live donors for the well-being of responsible adults in cases where the benefits would be large and the sacrifices demanded of donors not excessive. It then counters opponents of nonvoluntary transplants and finally concludes that compulsory renal or corneal transplants, as well as forced blood donations, are justifiable to redress significant inequalities if cadaver organs are unavailable and if potential recipients did not waived their right to receive an organ in exchange for a lessened risk of having to donate one of their own.

Keywords:   disability, body parts, transplant, donor, recipient, organ transfer

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