This chapter discusses the conflict of interests between humans and other animals as it aims to reform the way we treat animals whilst upholding human interests. It states that the central reason why the question of fair treatment of animals is difficult lies in the extent of the conflict between the interests of human and animals. This chapter outlines the major areas of conflict between the interests of humans and animals in: food production; animal pests; animals in research such as organ and tissue culture, mathematical methods, quantum pharmacology (quantitative structure-activity relationships), biotechnology, film and video recordings; and companion animals. Use of animals is only justified if either that the animals derive sufficient benefits to compensate them for any restraints of harms imposed by humans, or if using animals is the only way to preserve humans from death or significant harm.
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