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Metaphor and Moral Experience$
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A. E. Denham

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198240105

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.001.0001

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Metaphor and Cognition: Two Theories

Metaphor and Cognition: Two Theories

Chapter:
(p.246) 8 Metaphor and Cognition: Two Theories
Source:
Metaphor and Moral Experience
Author(s):

A. E. Denham

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0009

Modern ‘intuitionist’ theories of metaphor have echoed Plato's views, arguing for a clear distinction between the cognitive function of conventional, literal language and the special symbolic and expressive function of aesthetic language. Intuitionism (as that term is now applied to theories of metaphor) developed in reaction against positivist efforts to reduce the meaningful content of metaphor to its literal paraphrase. On the positivist view, whatever cannot be paraphrased in literal terms is, from the standpoint of meaning, strictly eliminable. In his article ‘What Metaphors Mean’, Donald Davidson argues that metaphorical sentences have no meaning at all (other than their literal sentence meaning). This chapter discusses metaphor and cognition, the analogy between metaphors and jokes, cognitive theories of metaphor, and the interaction theory of metaphor.

Keywords:   metaphor, cognition, jokes, intuitionism, Donald Davidson, interaction theory, cognitive theories, meaning

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