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Epistemic InjusticePower and the Ethics of Knowing$
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Miranda Fricker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198237907

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.001.0001

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Original Significances: The Wrong Revisited

Original Significances: The Wrong Revisited

(p.129) 6 Original Significances: The Wrong Revisited
Epistemic Injustice

Miranda Fricker (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Two kinds of silence caused by testimonial injustice are identified: that of pre-emptive testimonial injustice, where the prejudice against the speaker's social type operates in advance to prevent their view even being solicited; and that particular kind of silence associated with forms of objectification — ‘silencing’. The wrong of testimonial injustice is further explored, exploiting certain cues from the work of Edward Craig to reveal it as a morally bad form of epistemic objectification. And, further, as an exclusion from the practice (that of pooling information) which dramatizes the very core of the concept of knowledge.

Keywords:   pre-emptive testimonial injustice, silencing, objectification, concept of knowledge

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