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Social Security in Developing Countries$
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Ehtisham Ahmad, Jean Drèze, John Hills, and Amartya Sen

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198233008

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.001.0001

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Social Security in the SADCC States of Southern Africa: Social-Welfare Programmes and the Reduction of Household Vulnerability 1

Social Security in the SADCC States of Southern Africa: Social-Welfare Programmes and the Reduction of Household Vulnerability 1

Chapter:
(p.415) 10 Social Security in the SADCC States of Southern Africa: Social-Welfare Programmes and the Reduction of Household Vulnerability1
Source:
Social Security in Developing Countries
Author(s):

Morgan Richard

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.003.0010

This chapter premises that the greatest single factor now affecting the development and effectiveness of social-welfare policies and programmes in the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC) States is the external one of South African military aggression and promotion of military/economic destabilization. It reviews social-service policies and programmes in the post-independence SADCC States, discusses the discernable impact of these programmes using health indicators of welfare, and then looks at the characteristics of the main target groups for these programmes: the poor and vulnerable. The chapter presents case studies of State responses to external welfare-threatening events that occurred in the 1980s in two countries, one relatively at peace (Botswana) and one thoroughly subjected to war conditions (Mozambique). Some generalized conclusions from these studies and the review as a whole are drawn for the prioritization and design of welfare policies in the region.

Keywords:   social-welfare policies, SADCC, State responses, Botswana, Mozambique

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