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Social Security in Developing Countries$
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Ehtisham Ahmad, Jean Drèze, John Hills, and Amartya Sen

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198233008

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.001.0001

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Public Action for Social Security: Foundations and Strategy *

Public Action for Social Security: Foundations and Strategy *

(p.2) (p.3) 1 Public Action for Social Security: Foundations and Strategy*
Social Security in Developing Countries

Jean Drèze

Amartya Sen

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the nature of well being and deprivation, and tries to characterize the focus variables underlying the analysis of social security. It deals with the normative foundations of the problem and asks the question: what is the object of the exercise? The chapter examines whether the desired results can be achieved through normal economic and social processes without needing to devise systems of social security as such. It also discusses a central problem of protective social security, namely, the prevention of famines through public action. The chapter focuses its attention to the prevention of chronic deprivation and determines how promotional social-security programmes can combat regular and persistent hunger and hardship. It examines the nature of public action, and the role of the public in public action is analysed. The chapter also discusses the problem of integration of State activities with those of the public in general and of non-governmental institutions in particular.

Keywords:   well being, deprivation, social security, social processes, famines, public action, social-security programmes, State, non-governmental institutions

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