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The Dissenters Volume IIIThe Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity$
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Michael R. Watts

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198229698

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.001.0001

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‘The descendants of men like Oliver Cromwell’

‘The descendants of men like Oliver Cromwell’

The Balfour Education Act and the Liberal Landslide

Chapter:
(p.350) 10 ‘The descendants of men like Oliver Cromwell’
Source:
The Dissenters Volume III
Author(s):

Michael R. Watts

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229698.003.0033

This chapter discusses the issues surrounding the Education Act of 1902. The bill, designed to replace Forster's Education Act of 1870, was introduced by Arthur Balfour, First Lord of the Treasury, later prime minister, into the House of Commons on 24 March 1902. It received the royal assent on 18 December and made possible the rational reorganization of England's educational system by placing primary, secondary, and technical schools under the same authorities, thus paving the way for a massive expansion of secondary education. However, the administrative and educational merits of the Act were obscured by the decision to give rate aid to denominational schools. The scheme, which aroused the fury of Nonconformists, played a key role in the overwhelming victory of the Liberals in the 1906 elections.

Keywords:   Education Bill, education policy, Arthur Balfour, secondary education, educational system, rate aid, denominational schools

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