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Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955$
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Jill Edwards

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198228714

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228714.001.0001

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The Scene is Set

The Scene is Set

(p.2) (p.3) 1 The Scene is Set
Anglo-American Relations and the Franco Question, 1945–1955

Jill Edwards

Oxford University Press

On February 15, 1954 the US Northwestern Victory sailed into the ancient Spanish port of Cartegena. It carried the first consignment of United States aid to the Spain of General Francisco Franco, a man widely regarded in the Western democracies as the pariah of Europe for his leadership of the fascist-style government dominated by the Falange party, and for overt support of the Axis powers in World War II. The occasion demonstrated the depth of division between the United States and Britain, as well as the ultimate independence of United States foreign policy from that of its closest ally. Spain offers a unique area for examination of Anglo-United States relations, and of the domestic and external contexts which helped form them within a new world order increasingly divided between the internationalism embodied in the embryonic United Nations, and the unilateralism demonstrated by the emergent bipolarity of the United States and the Soviet Union.

Keywords:   Falange Party, Northwestern Victory, foreign policy, Axis powers, World War II, Francisco Franco, internationalism, United Nations, unilateralism, Soviet Union

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