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The Jesuit MythConspiracy Theory and Politics in Nineteenth-Century France$
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Geoffrey Cubitt

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198228684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228684.001.0001

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The Road to Article 7

The Road to Article 7

Chapter:
(p.143) 4 The Road to Article 7
Source:
The Jesuit Myth
Author(s):

Geoffrey Cubitt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228684.003.0005

This chapter discusses the passage of the Article 7 which was designed once again to hoist hostility against the Jesuits. Although anti-Jesuitism subsided after the Second Republic, its remnants and traces, although not overwhelming, remained in the political and religious polemics of the 1850s, 1860s, and 1870s. After the Second Revolution, the Jesuits gained a fair amount of freedom to open and operated secondary schools through the Loi Falloux of 1850. The Jesuits opened eleven schools at the end of 1850 and six more had been opened by 1854. This freedom to operate schools provided a platform from which anti-Jesuits could attack and direct hostility once again at the Jesuits. Scandals and controversies surrounding the Jesuits' schools were disclosed and used as weapons against the status of the Jesuits. In response to these controversies, the government created Article 7 prohibiting participation in public or private education, and direction and management of educational establishments, if the person belonged to an unauthorized organization.

Keywords:   Article 7, Jesuits, anti-Jesuitism, anti-Jesuits, education, schools, Loi Falloux

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