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The Jesuit MythConspiracy Theory and Politics in Nineteenth-Century France$
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Geoffrey Cubitt

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198228684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228684.001.0001

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The July Monarchy

The July Monarchy

(p.105) 3 The July Monarchy
The Jesuit Myth

Geoffrey Cubitt

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the July Revolution and the many political developments it affected in terms of anti-Jesuitism movements. Although France feared the imminent Jesuitical counter-revolution and the threat it may have posed on the aristocracy and the legitimate monarchy, the hostilities directed against the Jesuits were again revived after the initial fears of counter-revolution receded. Several petitions for the expulsion of the Jesuits were forwarded to the Chambers of the new regime. In fact, there was an expulsion of a supposed Jesuit member and the 1837 Schauenbourg amendment was passed wherein directors of schools were made to swear dissociation with the unauthorized association. While Jesuit establishments thrived, they were under constant suspicion, hostility, and unsympathetic government surveillance. In 1839, the Prefect of Police boasted that France had subdued tbe Jesuits into a passive organization. However, by the establishment of the Second Republic a radical anti-Jesuitism movement had been formed which provided more subtle and more educated hostility against the Jesuits which can be compared to the sarcastic hostility of the ancient regime.

Keywords:   July Revolution, anti-Jesuitism movements, France, counter-revolution, Schauenbourg amendment, government surveillance, Second Republic

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