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The Jesuit MythConspiracy Theory and Politics in Nineteenth-Century France$
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Geoffrey Cubitt

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198228684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228684.001.0001

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Jesuits and Jesuitism

Jesuits and Jesuitism

(p.275) 10 Jesuits and Jesuitism
The Jesuit Myth

Geoffrey Cubitt

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the arguments and ideas surrounding Jesuitism that formed the framework of the anti-Jesuit movement. It examines the organization of the Society of Jesus and the individual character and motivation of Jesuit members. It also assesses the criticisms in the Jesuit Constitutions and the Jesuit as described in various novels and writings of anti-Jesuit literature. Anti-Jesuits approached the Constitutions with the intention of stripping bare the mechanism whereby the efforts, affections, and aspirations of the Jesuits were regarded as the religious order's unrelenting pursuit of power. On the other hand, the speculations on the Jesuit character in anti-Jesuit fiction tended to rest on the ideas about the Constitutions with the intention not to create Jesuits thoroughly convincing as individuals but rather to translate such theories as convincingly as possible into a fictional context.

Keywords:   Jesuitism, anti-Jesuit movement, Society of Jesus, individual character, Jesuit Constitutions, Constitutions, anti-Jesuit fiction, Jesuit character

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