This chapter examines the role of the town of Emden in Germany as a refuge for the exiled Protestants from the Netherlands. The exiles arrived in Emden in the winter of 1554 and were disappointed with the economic conditions and infrastructure of the town. Despite this, Emden played a major role in Dutch affairs and commerce. Within twenty years, Emden has undergone a remarkable transformation, from a small and isolated coastal town to a major international emporium and a it gained a significant presence on the European political scene.
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