This chapters looks into the fact that the basic transformation of the family has been the rise of children to the position of central importance in the home, after centuries of neglect. They are now accorded the right to a life of a special kind, different from that of adults and with different expectations placed upon them — this again after centuries in which they were treated simply as adults of miniature size, to be dressed and to work as adults. This chapter reveals the conservative beliefs that values should be transmitted to children through the exercise of authority and by the instillation of respect. This chapter also states that the weakness of French psychology in this period was partly duc to the strength of characterology, a peculiarly French science.
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