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Medieval Germany 1056–1273$
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Alfred Haverkamp

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198221722

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221722.001.0001

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Church Life, Piety, and Education

Church Life, Piety, and Education

(p.317) 4 Church Life, Piety, and Education
Medieval Germany 1056–1273

Alfred Haverkamp

Oxford University Press

The first section of this chapter describes the crisis among the traditional monks and clergy. The second section looks at the religious movements between orthodoxy and heresy. The third section discusses the mendicant orders. The last section looks at different religious schools. The rapid expansion and increasing effectiveness of the mendicant orders in the German towns from the beginning of the 1220s spoke for the diminishing glory of the clergy. This finding was strengthened by the appearance of heretical groups in the bigger German towns from the second half of the 12th century. They no longer contented themselves with criticism, which had already grown loud, but rejected the Catholic Church entirely as a means of salvation, and set against it their own organization.

Keywords:   traditional monks, clergy, religious movements, mendicant orders, orthodoxy, heresy

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