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A New History of Ireland Volume VIIIreland 1921-84$
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J. R. Hill

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217527.001.0001

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Irish language and literature, 1921–84

Irish language and literature, 1921–84

(p.538) Chapter XIX Irish language and literature, 1921–84
A New History of Ireland Volume VII

Neil Buttimer

Máire, Ní Annracháin

Oxford University Press

A number of factors distinguish the story of the Irish language in the twentieth century from that of preceding centuries. Chief among these was the creation in 1922 of a largely independent, self-governing state in the south, which promptly adopted a policy of strong support for the language. This chapter outlines the foundation, implementation, and modification of public policy in Ireland during the decades in question, and offers some assessment of the achievement. The state's approach differed markedly from that its forerunner. Certain measures by Britain had benefited Gaelic culture during the nineteenth century, and particularly in the final decades of British rule. The language became entrenched as one of the hallmarks of Irish nationalism. One hundred years after the early efforts at revival, Irish literature shows signs of life worthy of wholehearted celebration.

Keywords:   Irish literature, Irish language, public policy, Gaelic culture, British rule, Ireland, Britain, Irish nationalism

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