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A New History of Ireland Volume VIIIreland 1921-84$
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J. R. Hill

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217527.001.0001

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Reconciliation, rights, and protests, 1963–8

Reconciliation, rights, and protests, 1963–8

(p.309) Chapter XII Reconciliation, rights, and protests, 1963–8
A New History of Ireland Volume VII

J. H. Whyte

Oxford University Press

Relations between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland were distant in the early years of the period covered in the book. On becoming taoiseach in 1959, Seán Lemass had tried to improve communications by urging that the two Irish governments should cooperate in matters of common concern. However, first Lord Brookeborough and then Terence O'Neill always insisted that before they would do so, the Dublin government must recognise the constitutional position of Northern Ireland. In 1965, Lemass visited O'Neill at Stormont. Statements on both sides made clear that attitudes to partition had not changed, but there was agreement to work for the common good in tourism, industrial development, electricity, and other fields. The period ends on a note of unwonted harmony. Relations between the two communities in Northern Ireland, between the two parts of Ireland, and between the Republic of Ireland and Britain, were all more cordial than they had ever been before. The only exception was the sign of some tension between extreme and moderate Protestants in Northern Ireland.

Keywords:   Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Seán Lemass, Lord Brookeborough, Terence O'Neill, Britain, Protestants, Irish government, Stormont

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