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Wales and the Britons, 350-1064$
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T. M. Charles-Edwards

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198217312

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.001.0001

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The Britons and the Irish, 350–800

The Britons and the Irish, 350–800

Chapter:
(p.174) 4 The Britons and the Irish, 350–800
Source:
Wales and the Britons, 350-1064
Author(s):

T. M. Charles-Edwards

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.003.0005

Late‐Roman Britain was subject to attack across the the Irish Sea as well as the North Sea. Many of these attacks were intended to take captives, who were then carried off into slavery in Ireland. One of them was St Patrick, who escaped but returned as a Christian missionary. He and other British missionaries in Ireland created the conditions in which the cultures of Celtic Britain and Ireland were closely linked. Other Irish settled in Britain and became much more receptive to Roman culture than were the Anglo‐Saxon settlers in the east of Britain. The political shape of what became Wales may have been changed by a political transformation in Ireland c. 500.

Keywords:   Irish slave‐raids, British slaves in Ireland, Irish settlement in post‐Roman britain, the first Irish Christians, the origins of Gwynedd

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